Tourism in MangaldoiMangaldoi has picturesque scenic beauty adorned by greenery and hills on all sides. Attractions like the Gandhi Smriti Park which is located in the heart of the town is a picnic spot adorned with gardens and fountains. Pukhuria Beel is a lake and a delight for bird watchers, as large number of migratory birds flock every year over here. Apart from that, monuments like the Dihing Satra, Bar Masjid, and Khatra Satra attract tourists over to Mangaldoi. The Barnadi Wildlife Sanctuary and the Orang National Park located 70 kms from Mangaldoi are also tourist locations near Mangaldoi.
Orang National ParkOrang National Park also known as Rajiv Gandhi National Park is located on the north bank of Brahmaputra River in the Darrang and Sonitpur districts of Assam. The park covers an area 78.81 sq kms. The Pachnoi, Belsiri and Dhansiri Rivers border the park. The park has alluvial flood plains of the rivers with wetlands and 26 man-made water bodies. The elevation of the park varies from 45 meters to 70 meters. There are a number of villages inhabiting the park.
Climate of Orang National ParkThe Orang National Park has a subtropical monsoon climate with rainfall occurring during May to September. The average annual rainfall is 3000 mm. The average hottest and coldest temperature that prevails in this park is 32°C to 5°C respectively. The average humidity varies from 66% to 95%.
Biodiversity in Orang National Park:
Flora of Orang National ParkThe Orang National Park has a vegetation of forests, non-aquatic grass and plants. Some of the species found are Bombax ceiba, Dalbergia sissoo, Zizyphus jujuba, Phragmites karka, Arundo donax, etc. the aquatic plant species found are Androppogon spp, Ipomea reptans, Enhydra flushians, Nymphia spp, Water hyacinth etc.
Fauna of Orang National ParkThe Orang National Park is a habitat for a number of rare and endangered animal species including the great Indian One-horned Rhinoceros, Royal Bengal tiger, Pygmy Hog, Asiatic Elephant, wild boar, and hog deer . Other animals include Gangetic Dolphin, Indian Pangolin, Rhesus Macaque, Indian Fox, small Indian Civet, leopard cat, fishing cat and Jungle cat.
There are also around 50 species of fishes found in the river channels. There are also birds like the Spot billed pelican, Anatidae, Addenda, Accipitridae, Ruddy Shelduck, Gadwall, Kingfisher, Bengal Florican etc flocking the national park. Migratory birds like the American White Pelican have also been seen in the park. Species of turtle, tortoise pythons and cobras are also found in Orang National Park.
Government measures taken for Orang National ParkThe park was inhabited by local tribes till 1900. However, after an epidemic disease breakout, the tribal population abandoned the area. In 1915, the British declared the area as Orang Game Reserve which came under the control of wild life wing of State Forest Department to meet the requirements of Project Tiger. It was declared a Wildlife Sanctuary in on 20th September, 1985. In 1992, this park was renamed as Rajiv Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary though it was reserved due to the public opposing to the renaming. It was finally declared a National Park in April 8, 1999.
Conservation of Orang National ParkUnder an initiative by the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums, the Manas National Park was recognized for conservation of Indian Rhinos and steps were taken for its development. The WWF India, Indian Government and International Rhino Foundation have taken this operation of park development and planned to increase the number of rhinoceros in the park to 200 by 2020.
Simultaneously, a conservation programme named ‘Species Survival Plan’ sponsored by WAZA and Busch Gardens was implemented. This programme aimed at improving the genetic density of managed animal populations. A special project titled ‘Ecological Monitoring of Wild Tigers in Orang National Park, Assam India’ has been carried on with the association of Aaranyak, an NGO of India. With the funding from them, camera traps and geo-spatial technology were set up to monitor tiger density in the park. Steps were also taken to tackle man-tiger conflict in the park.
How to reach Orang National Park:By Air:
The nearest airport is the Saloni Airport, situated 10 kms from Tezpur.
The nearest railway stations are Saloni and Rangapara and are well connected by trains from Guwahati and other major cities.
The nearest town is Tezpur located at a distance of 32 kms and Guwahati at a distance of 140 kms from the park. It is situated 15 kms off the NH 52 near Orang town which is located further 12 kms away. There are regular buses, and other private vehicles which travel to and from Tezpur and then drop at the park.
Permission is required for entry into the park. One can avail the good accommodation facilities in Tezpur. The best time to visit this park is from October to April.
Barnadi Wildlife SanctuaryThis is an established sanctuary with a motive to saving the fauna and flora of the area. Since 1980, the Barnadi Wildlife Sanctuary has been the best place for birdwatchers for different species can be found here. With an area of only 26 sq. kms., Barnadi Wildlife Sanctuary successfully gives shelter to animals like the pigmy hog, the elusive hispid hare and four different species of hornbills which is very rare to be found.
Gandhi Smriti ParkIt is a beautiful picnic spot with fountains and gardens. It is situated in Mangaldoi near the District Collector’s office. A well maintained park situated in Mangaldoi, it is a hotspot for tourists and picnic goers who throng the park.
Pukhuria BeelIt is a beautiful lake situated in Darrang district of Assam. The lake is a hotspot for migratory birds that flock in every year. A bird watcher’s delight, this lake is a perfect place for picnicking and enjoying nature at its best.
Khatara SatraThis Satra is located around 22 kms away from Mangaldoi in Dipila. It is considered as one of the oldest Satras in Sipajhar constituency. In this Satra, the idols of Ram, Lakshman and Sita are present. Every year, the Satra organizes a ‘Mela’ locally named as ‘Pacheti’. The Satra was founded by Lechakonia Govinda Aatoi in 1568 AD. Govinda Aatoi was prominent amongst the 12 Dharmacharyya of Madhavdev.
Kamakshya DevalayaThe Kamakshya Devalaya is located 19 kms from Mangaldoi near Lakimpur village. It is a temple having a stone fetish with 8 lotus petals. It was founded during the 12th century. The Doul festival (or Holi festival) is celebrated here with much celebration in spring.
Engil Baba’s MazaarEngil Baba or Engil Fakeer’s Mazaar is located in a graveyard in Mangaldoi. It is famous for the Urus Mubarak festival celebrated here on 5th February every year. It is visited both by Hindus and Muslims, especially on Thursdays. There is also the Bar Masjid situated in the heart of Mangaldoi.
Other tourists’ spots are District Museum, Silor khuti Burhaguhain, Burhinagar Pukhuri Aru Lakhimpur Pukhuri, Mahatma Gandhi Park, Raja Hauli and Jaljali Pukhuri.
Some of the religious spots here are:
- Lord Siva temple
- Vishnu Mandir
- Ratnawali Temple
- Narikoli Lord Shiva Temple
- Bar Masjid
The Assam Tourism office,
Tourist Lodge, Station Road,
Hotels and Restaurants in MangaldoiTourists coming to Mangaldoi are provided with proper lodging and fooding facilities as well. There are a few places in Mangaldoi where one can relax and halt stay and get a good look around the town. There are also places where one can sit down and taste the good food here. Some hotels and restaurants in Mangaldoi are:
front of Circuit House
Ram Mandir Chariali
bylane New Market
Near Assam Medical Hall
Repose Baker's Special
National Highway 52,
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